07418 609940

JTE Travel Tips - Book Flight & Hotels Online


Tourists love visiting Australia for its incredible natural beauty, unique wildlife, and diverse landscapes. Some of the most popular attractions include the Great Barrier Reef, Uluru (Ayers Rock), the Sydney Opera House, the Great Ocean Road, and the beaches of the Gold Coast. Australia is also known for its excellent food and wine, vibrant cities, and friendly locals. Additionally, many visitors enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking, surfing, and exploring the country’s national parks.

Australia is a country and continent located in the southern hemisphere. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Indian Ocean to the west. It is situated between Southeast Asia and Antarctica. Australia is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area, covering approximately 7.7 million square kilometres. Its neighbouring countries include Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and New Zealand

Australia has several different time zones due to its large size. The main time zones are:

– Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST): UTC+10, which covers Queensland, New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, and Tasmania.

– Australian Central Standard Time (ACST): UTC+9:30, which covers South Australia and the Northern Territory.

– Australian Western Standard Time (AWST): UTC+8, which covers Western Australia.

During daylight saving time, some regions may adjust their clocks by one hour. It’s important to check the specific time zone of the location you are visiting or calling to ensure you have the correct time.

The weather in Australia varies greatly depending on the region and season. Generally, Australia experiences a temperate climate with warm to hot summers and mild winters. However, the tropical north has a wet and dry season, while the southern regions can experience snowfall in winter.

In the northern regions, such as Darwin and Cairns, the wet season occurs from November to April, with high humidity and heavy rainfall. The dry season, from May to October, is characterized by warm and sunny weather.

In the southern regions, such as Sydney and Melbourne, summers are hot and dry, with temperatures ranging from 25-30°C (77-86°F). Winters are mild, with temperatures averaging around 10-15°C (50-59°F).

In the central desert region, temperatures can reach extreme highs during the day and drop dramatically at night. It’s important to check the weather forecast and pack appropriate clothing for the region and season you are visiting.

The official language of Australia is English, and it is the most commonly spoken language in the country. However, due to the country’s multicultural population, many other languages are also spoken, including Mandarin, Arabic, Cantonese, Vietnamese, and Italian. Indigenous Australian languages are also spoken by a small percentage of the population.

English is the official language of Australia and is the most commonly spoken language in the country. However, Australian English has some unique vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation that differs from other varieties of English, such as British English and American English. Some common Australian slang words and phrases include “mate” (friend), “fair dinkum” (genuine), and “arvo” (afternoon).

Whether or not you need a visa to visit Israel depends on your nationality and the purpose of your visit.
Citizens of many countries, including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, and most European countries, do not need a visa for tourist stays of up to 90 days. They will receive a free entry permit upon arrival at the airport, which allows them to stay in Israel for up to 90 days.
However, citizens of some countries, including many in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, do need a visa to enter Israel, even for short tourist visits. They should contact the nearest Israeli embassy or consulate to obtain a visa before traveling.
In addition, if you plan to work, study, or volunteer in Israel, you will need to obtain the appropriate visa or work permit before entering the country.
It is always a good idea to check with the Israeli embassy or consulate in your home country to determine if you need a visa to visit Israel.

Australia is a multicultural and diverse country, and people of many different religions and beliefs live there. The most commonly practiced religion in Australia is Christianity, with Catholicism and Anglicanism being the largest denominations. Other religions practiced in Australia include Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Judaism. Additionally, a significant proportion of the population identifies as non-religious or atheist.

Tourists in Australia can use the health system, but the availability of healthcare services and the cost of treatment may depend on the type of visa they hold. Visitors to Australia are strongly encouraged to have travel insurance that covers medical expenses in case of illness or injury during their stay in the country.

If a tourist needs medical attention while in Australia, they can go to a public hospital emergency department or see a general practitioner (GP) at a medical clinic. However, treatment at public hospitals is not free for visitors, and they may be required to pay for the cost of treatment and medication. Alternatively, visitors can choose to see a private doctor or go to a private hospital, but they will need to pay for the cost of treatment upfront.

It’s important to note that some countries have reciprocal healthcare agreements with Australia, which may entitle their citizens to some level of free or subsidised medical treatment while in Australia. Visitors should check if their country has such an agreement with Australia before traveling.

The Australian government regularly issues travel warnings and advisories for Australians traveling overseas, as well as for foreign nationals travelling to Australia. These travel advisories provide information on potential risks and hazards that travellers may face in different countries, including health risks, natural disasters, civil unrest, terrorism, and crime.

The Australian government’s travel advisory system uses four levels of advice:

– Level 1: Exercise normal safety precautions

– Level 2: Exercise a high degree of caution

– Level 3: Reconsider your need to travel

– Level 4: Do not travel

The level of advice may vary depending on the specific country or region, and it is recommended that travellers check the latest travel advisories before departing for their destination. The Australian government’s Smart Traveller website provides up-to-date travel advice and information for Australians traveling overseas.

The official currency of Australia is the Australian dollar (AUD). The Australian dollar is divided into 100 cents, with coins available in denominations of 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents, as well as $1 and $2 coins. Banknotes are available in denominations of $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100.

It’s important to note that Australian banknotes have different colours and designs, which can help visitors easily identify them. For example, the $5 note is pink, the $10 note is blue, the $20 note is red, the $50 note is yellow, and the $100 note is green.

Australian dollars can be obtained at banks, currency exchange offices, and ATMs throughout the country. Credit cards and debit cards are widely accepted in Australia, and visitors can also use them to withdraw cash from ATMs. It’s a good idea to notify your bank before traveling to Australia to avoid any issues with using your cards internationally.

You can change money in Australia at banks, currency exchange offices, and airports. Here are some options for changing money in Australia:

  1. Banks: Most major banks in Australia offer currency exchange services. You can visit a bank branch and exchange your currency for Australian dollars. Some banks may charge a commission or a fee for this service.
  2. Currency exchange offices: There are many currency exchange offices located throughout Australia, particularly in major cities and tourist areas. These offices offer competitive exchange rates and may not charge a commission or a fee.
  3. Airports: Currency exchange booths are available at major airports in Australia. However, the exchange rates at airports are usually less favourable than those at banks or currency exchange offices.
  4. ATMs: You can withdraw Australian dollars from ATMs using your debit card or credit card. However, you may be charged a foreign transaction fee by your bank, and the exchange rate may not be as favourable as those offered by banks or currency exchange offices.

It’s important to compare exchange rates and fees before changing money in Australia to get the best deal. Additionally, it’s recommended to use reputable currency exchange providers and avoid exchanging money with individuals on the street.

You can pay by credit card in Australia. Credit cards are widely accepted in Australia, particularly in major cities and tourist areas. Visa, Mastercard, and American Express are the most commonly accepted credit cards in Australia. Some businesses may also accept other credit cards, such as Diners Club or JCB.

You can use your credit card to pay for goods and services at restaurants, shops, and hotels, as well as to withdraw cash from ATMs. It’s important to note that some businesses may have a minimum spend for credit card transactions, so it’s a good idea to check before making a purchase.

It’s also important to notify your bank before traveling to Australia to avoid any issues with using your credit card internationally. Some banks may block transactions that are made in a foreign country as a security measure, so it’s best to inform them of your travel plans in advance.

Finally, it’s worth noting that some businesses may charge a surcharge for credit card transactions, particularly for American Express cards. This surcharge can range from 1-3% of the transaction value.

The days and times that shops are open in Australia can vary depending on the state or territory, as well as the individual store. However, here is a general guide to shop opening hours in Australia:

  1. Weekdays: Most shops are open from around 9:00 am to 5:00 pm on weekdays, although some may open earlier or close later. Many shopping centres and malls are open until 9:00 pm on weekdays.
  2. Weekends: On Saturdays, most shops are open from around 9:00 am to 5:00 pm, although some may close earlier. On Sundays, many shops have reduced hours and may be open from around 10:00 am to 4:00 pm.
  3. Public holidays: On public holidays, many shops have reduced hours or may be closed altogether. Some shops in tourist areas or major shopping centres may remain open, but it’s best to check in advance.
  4. Late-night shopping: Many shopping centres and malls have a late-night shopping day, usually on a Thursday or Friday, where they stay open until 9:00 pm or later.

It’s worth noting that some smaller shops and businesses may have more limited hours, particularly in regional areas. Additionally, some shops may close for a lunch break during the day, typically between 12:00 pm and 2:00 pm. It’s always a good idea to check the opening hours of individual shops before visiting to avoid disappointment.

Australia is known for its diverse and multicultural cuisine, which reflects the country’s history and influences from around the world. Here are some examples of local food in Australia:

  1. Meat pies: A classic Australian snack or meal, meat pies are savoury pastries filled with minced meat and gravy. They are often served with tomato sauce (ketchup) and can be found at bakeries, cafes, and sports stadiums.
  2. Vegemite: A popular spread made from yeast extract, Vegemite is a staple in many Australian households. It is often spread on toast or crackers and has a salty, savoury flavour.
  3. Lamingtons: A traditional Australian dessert, lamingtons are small sponge cakes coated in chocolate and coconut. They are often served at morning or afternoon tea and can be found at bakeries and cafes.
  4. Barramundi: A type of fish found in northern Australia; barramundi is a popular seafood dish. It can be grilled, fried, or baked and is often served with a side of salad or chips (fries).
  5. Pavlova: A meringue-based dessert topped with whipped cream and fresh fruit, pavlova is a popular dessert in Australia and New Zealand. It is often served at special occasions such as Christmas and birthdays.
  6. Tim Tams: A chocolate-covered biscuit (cookie) filled with cream, Tim Tams is a popular snack in Australia. They come in a variety of flavours and are often enjoyed with a hot cup of tea or coffee.

These are just a few examples of local food in Australia. Other popular dishes include fish and chips, sausage rolls, and ANZAC biscuits.

Australia is a vast and diverse country with plenty of unique and unforgettable experiences to offer. Here are some unmissable things to do and experience in Australia:

  1. Visit the Great Barrier Reef: Located off the coast of Queensland, the Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef system and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Visitors can snorkel or dive among the colourful coral and marine life or take a scenic flight over the reef.
  2. Explore Uluru: Also known as Ayers Rock, Uluru is a massive sandstone rock formation in the heart of the Australian Outback. Visitors can take a guided tour to learn about the cultural and spiritual significance of Uluru to the local Indigenous people or watch the rock change colours at sunrise or sunset.
  3. Drive the Great Ocean Road: A scenic coastal drive in Victoria, the Great Ocean Road offers stunning views of the rugged coastline, beaches, and rock formations such as the Twelve Apostles.
  4. Visit Sydney: Australia’s largest city, Sydney is home to iconic landmarks such as the Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge. Visitors can take a ferry ride to explore the harbour, or enjoy the city’s beaches and vibrant food and culture scene.
  5. Experience the Australian wildlife: Australia is home to many unique and fascinating animals, such as kangaroos, koalas, and wallabies. Visitors can see them up close at wildlife parks and sanctuaries, or in their natural habitats such as national parks and reserves.
  6. Taste the local cuisine: Australia’s multicultural cuisine offers a diverse range of flavours and dishes to try, from fresh seafood to meat pies and vegemite. Visitors can explore local food markets, cafes, and restaurants to taste the best of Australian cuisine.

These are just a few examples of unmissable things to do and experience in Australia. Other popular activities include surfing, hiking, wine tasting, and visiting cultural attractions such as museums and art galleries.

Australia is a huge country with a range of destinations to suit every traveller’s interests. Here are some of the top places to go in Australia:

  1. Sydney: Australia’s largest city, Sydney is known for its iconic landmarks such as the Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge, as well as its beaches, parks, and vibrant food and culture scene.
  2. Melbourne: A cultural hub and foodie paradise, Melbourne is known for its laneways, street art, and coffee culture. It’s also home to the Royal Botanic Gardens, the National Gallery of Victoria, and the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
  3. Cairns and the Great Barrier Reef: Located in tropical North Queensland, Cairns is the gateway to the Great Barrier Reef, one of the world’s natural wonders. Visitors can snorkel or dive among the coral and marine life or take a scenic flight over the reef.
  4. Uluru: Also known as Ayers Rock, Uluru is a massive sandstone rock formation in the heart of the Australian Outback. It’s a sacred site to the local Indigenous people and a popular destination for visitors to learn about the area’s cultural and spiritual significance.
  5. The Great Ocean Road: A scenic coastal drive in Victoria, the Great Ocean Road offers stunning views of the rugged coastline, beaches, and rock formations such as the Twelve Apostles.
  6. The Whitsunday Islands: A group of 74 islands off the coast of Queensland, the Whitsundays are known for their crystal-clear waters, white sand beaches, and coral reefs. Visitors can go sailing, snorkelling, or simply relax on the beach.
  7. Tasmania: Australia’s island state, Tasmania is known for its natural beauty, wildlife, and gourmet food and wine. Highlights include Cradle Mountain, Freycinet National Park, and the Tamar Valley wine region.

These are just a few examples of the top places to go in Australia. Other popular destinations include the Gold Coast, the Blue Mountains, the Barossa Valley, and the Kimberley region in Western Australia.

Australia has a diverse and multicultural society, with its own unique customs and etiquette. Here are some do’s and don’ts to keep in mind when visiting or living in Australia:


  1. Greet people with a smile and a handshake.
  2. Use “please” and “thank you” when making requests or expressing gratitude.
  3. Respect Indigenous culture and traditions, such as acknowledging the traditional owners of the land.
  4. Follow the rules and regulations, such as obeying traffic laws and not littering.
  5. Dress appropriately for the occasion and weather.
  6. Be punctual for appointments and meetings.
  7. Tip in restaurants and cafes if you receive good service.


  1. Don’t litter or smoke in public places.
  2. Don’t use offensive language or gestures.
  3. Don’t ignore the local customs and traditions, such as removing shoes before entering a home.
  4. Don’t touch or disturb wildlife, including kangaroos, koalas, and other animals.
  5. Don’t drink and drive or use drugs.
  6. Don’t be disrespectful to the local culture or religion.
  7. Don’t assume that all Australians are the same or have the same beliefs and values.

It’s important to remember that customs and etiquette can vary depending on the region and cultural background. When in doubt, observe and follow the local customs and ask for clarification if necessary.

In Australia, the term “bank holiday” is not commonly used. Instead, public holidays are observed at the national, state, and territory levels. The number of public holidays varies by state and territory, but there are usually between 8 and 13 public holidays per year.

For example, in New South Wales, there are 11 public holidays, including New Year’s Day, Australia Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Anzac Day, Queen’s Birthday, Christmas Day, and Boxing Day. Other states and territories may have different public holidays, such as the Melbourne Cup Day in Victoria or the Ekka Day in Queensland.

It’s important to note that public holidays may affect business hours and transportation schedules, so it’s a good idea to check ahead of time if you’re planning to travel or visit a specific attraction on a public holiday.

You can hire a car in Australia and there are many car rental companies operating in Australia, you can rent a car from major airports, cities, and regional locations. To rent a car in Australia, you will need a valid driver’s license and a credit card.

In addition to car rental, there are several other transport options in Australia, including:

  1. Public transport: Most major cities have a public transport system, including buses, trains, and trams. You can purchase tickets or use a smart card to pay for fares.
  2. Taxis and ridesharing: Taxis are widely available in cities and towns, and ridesharing services such as Uber and Lyft are also available in many areas.
  3. Domestic flights: Australia is a large country, and domestic flights are a popular option for traveling between major cities and regional areas. Major airlines include Qantas, Virgin Australia, and Jetstar.
  4. Long-distance buses: Several bus companies operate long-distance services, including Greyhound Australia and Premier Motor Service.
  5. Ferries: Ferries are a popular way to travel between islands and along the coast. Major ferry operators include Sydney Ferries and Sealink.
  6. Cycling: Cycling is a popular way to explore cities and natural areas in Australia. Many cities have dedicated bike lanes and bike-sharing schemes.

When planning your trip, it’s a good idea to research the transport options available in the areas you’ll be visiting and consider factors such as cost, convenience, and travel time.

The capital city of Australia is Canberra, which is located in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). Here are the main transport options in Canberra:

  1. Buses: Canberra has an extensive bus network operated by Transport Canberra. Buses run regularly throughout the day and connect all major suburbs and attractions in the city.
  2. Taxis and ridesharing: Taxis are available in Canberra, and ridesharing services such as Uber and Ola are also available.
  3. Cycling: Canberra has an extensive network of cycle paths and bike lanes, making it easy to explore the city on two wheels. Bike-sharing schemes are also available.
  4. Car rental: You can rent a car from major car rental companies in Canberra, which is a convenient option for exploring the surrounding region.
  5. Walking: Canberra is a compact city with many attractions within walking distance of each other. Walking is a great way to explore the city’s parks, monuments, and museums.
  6. Light Rail: Canberra also has a light rail system, which operates between the city centre and the northern suburbs.

When planning your trip to Canberra, consider the transport options available and choose the one that best suits your needs and budget.

Australia is home to the longest fence in the world, known as the Dingo Fence or the Dog Fence. It stretches over 5,600 km (3,488 miles) across the country, from Queensland to South Australia. The fence was built in the 1880s to protect the sheep population from wild dingoes, which were killing and maiming livestock. Today, the fence is still maintained and serves as a barrier to keep wild dogs and other predators out of sheep grazing areas.

One amazing fact about Australia is that it has the largest coral reef system in the world, known as the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef stretches over 2,300 km (1,429 miles) along the coast of Queensland and is made up of more than 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands. It is home to an incredible diversity of marine life, including over 1,500 species of fish, 600 species of coral, and many other animals such as turtles, dolphins, and sharks. The Great Barrier Reef is not only an important ecological treasure but also a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors each year.

Here are some tips for visitors traveling to Australia:

  1. Get a good travel insurance policy: It’s important to have travel insurance when visiting Australia, as medical treatment can be expensive. Make sure your policy covers medical emergencies, trip cancellation, and other potential risks.
  2. Be prepared for the weather: Australia is a large country with varied weather conditions. Make sure to check the weather forecast for the areas you’ll be visiting and pack accordingly.
  3. Respect the local culture: Australia is a diverse country with many different cultures and customs. Be respectful of the local culture and customs and be aware of any cultural sensitivities.
  4. Be mindful of the wildlife: Australia is home to many unique and often dangerous animals, such as snakes, spiders, and crocodiles. Be aware of your surroundings and follow any safety guidelines or warnings.
  5. Use sunscreen: Australia has a high level of UV radiation, which can cause sunburn and skin damage. Use sunscreen with a high SPF and reapply regularly.
  6. Stay hydrated: Australia can be hot and dry, especially in the summer months. Make sure to drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.
  7. Plan your transportation: Australia is a large country, and transportation options can be limited in some areas. Plan your transportation ahead of time, especially if you’re traveling to remote or regional areas.
  8. Be aware of the local laws: Australia has strict laws around issues such as drinking and driving, smoking, and drug use. Make sure to be aware of the local laws and follow them to avoid any legal issues.
  9. Try local cuisine: Australia has a diverse food scene, with many unique and delicious dishes to try. Be adventurous and try some of the local cuisine.
  10. Have fun and enjoy your trip: Australia is a beautiful and welcoming country, with many exciting things to see and do. Relax, have fun, and enjoy your trip!
Scroll to Top